The limits of the machine…

We don’t confuse the vertical hoisting crane with the cement mixer which in turning, mixes its load. We can tell the difference between a monkey wrench and a socket wrench due to their form and function. a tool, a simple machine, a motor. An automaton first present a topography, parts arranged in space in a certain manner for a certain use. For these parts and this assemblage, in addition they receive or produce force: …….Fixed, their topography renders their response to every external impulse constant, just as with animals…

Descartes was right to describe animals as machines, provided the latter be limited to the couple topology-energetics and the former to the doublet anatojmy-physiology, formed a force which determine the instinct or usage reaction. Here, the model imitates the organism… (Serres 1999… Variations on the Body)

[until you learn to love the machine, maintain and caress, treat it as a slow technology… the use of ‘machine to describe your child is forbidden…]